One of my most asked questions everyone has when the summer begins is how do I treat discoloration? From darkspots to blemishes, damage due to sun, and much more, we’ve seen it all here at Pearlfariness. That is because, Skin pigmentation is one of the most common skin conditions in the world.
Today, we are going to talk about the four different types of pigmentation, what causes them, and how they can be treated!
What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition where melanin is overproduced in certain areas of the skin, causing discoloration in our skin tone. Whenever our skin feels senses danger from outside, we get discoloration, tan, post-inflammatory pigmentation as a form of defense mechanism.
How Pigmentation is Formed?
In order to understand pigmentation, we need to understand Melanocyte first. The Melanocyte is a micro organism which lives in the basal layer of the skin and is responsible for pigmentation. It converts an amino acid into tryonise which inturn gets converted into melanin ( pigment). For better understanding, think of the melanocyte as a factory that produces pigment, the skin makes use melanocytes for protection. Then Keratinocytes are the trucks that position pigment on the upper layers of the skin.
Our skin cells are constantly moving up to the layers of the skin. Dead proteins and melanin are constantly building up the surface of the skin.
Causes of Pigmentation
1.Overexposure to the sun
3.Hormones changes from pregnancy or Menopause
4.Medications that cause liver damage
5.Medications that cause light sensitivity.
10.Picking your Acne
Types of Pigmentation
Large dark brown patches – That usually show up on the forehead, cheeks, or around the mouth.
Post-inflammatory Pigmentation – These are smaller, individual dark spots ( spots can appear red, brown or dark brown) leftover from trauma to the skin. This could be a blemish, bug bite or scratch.
Age/Sun Spots – These are Flat spots ranging from light to dark brown in color. These are mainly caused by sun exposure over time.
Freckles – They are Small brown spots brought on, during childhood—a genetic condition.
How To Get Rid Of Pigmentation?
It is possible get rid of pigmentation however in some cases, it’s not always possible.
Pigmentation is a very complex skin condition and sometimes it occurs so deeply within the skin that it can be really difficult to treat. The success of getting rid of pigmentation is based on an individual’s skin type and tolerance, and probably most importantly how dedicated they are to improving it and sticking to a regimen persistently. The most important thing to know is that even if you do get rid of your pigmentation completely, there’s a good chance you’ll have to continue a proper pigment brightening and preventing skincare regimen from pearl. as it can easily creep back up if you’re not staying on top of it due to pigmentation having memory.
Treating Pigmentation with Pearl’s Products
When Treating Pigmented Skin There Are A Couple Of Things You Have To Do.
Exfoliate with Pearl’s Facewash – creating cellular turn over to slough off damaged surface skin cells
Treat with Pearl’s Night Cream – brightening and removing existing pigmentation
Prevent with Pearl’s Day Cream – using melanin suppressants
Protect with Pearl’s Moisturizer – with SPF
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